Unveiling the Rare Belgian Shepherd Laekenois: A Complete Guide


Unveiling the Rare Belgian Shepherd Laekenois: A Complete Guide

Welcome to this comprehensive guide to one of the rarest and most intriguing dog breeds in the world: the Belgian Shepherd Laekenois. This Belgian native breed, also known as the Laekenois, possesses a unique combination of intelligence, courage, and versatility that sets it apart from other breeds.

Origins of the Belgian Shepherd Laekenois

The Belgian Shepherd Laekenois, one of the four types of Belgian shepherds, hails from the region of Laeken, Belgium. Initially bred as a herding dog, the Laekenois was responsible for guarding flocks and fields. Owing to its intelligence and versatility, it was later used in police work and even on the front lines during the two World Wars.

Physical Characteristics

Standing between 22 to 26 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 45 to 65 pounds, the Laekenois is a medium to large-sized breed. It is characterized by its rough, tousled coat, which ranges in color from fawn to mahogany, with traces of black, especially on the muzzle and tail. Its alert, watchful eyes reflect the breed’s vigilant nature, while the erect, triangular ears add to its intense expression.

Temperament and Personality

The Laekenois is known for its intelligent, loyal, and protective nature. While it may initially appear aloof or reserved with strangers, it tends to be exceptionally affectionate with its family. Due to its strong protective instincts, early socialization and proper training are crucial to prevent it from becoming overly suspicious or protective.

Care and Maintenance

Maintaining a Laekenois is relatively straightforward. Their rough coats need to be brushed weekly to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They are considered average shedders. Exercise plays a central role in their care. A combination of mental and physical stimulation is vital to keep this active and intelligent breed content. Whether it’s a long walk, a vigorous play session, or agility training, ensure your Laekenois gets sufficient exercise daily.

Training and Socialization

Given its working lineage, the Laekenois excels in tasks that challenge both their body and mind. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods that involve rewards, praise, and play. Early socialization is crucial to ensure they grow into well-rounded, confident dogs. Exposure to different environments, people, and situations can help alleviate their natural wariness around strangers.

Health and Lifespan

The Belgian Shepherd Laekenois typically lives between 10 to 14 years. They are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain genetic health conditions. These may include hip dysplasia, eye problems, and certain skin conditions. Regular vet check-ups and a balanced diet can help ensure a long, healthy life for your Laekenois.

Is the Belgian Shepherd Laekenois Right for You?

Before bringing a Laekenois into your family, consider if you can meet its needs. This breed thrives with active owners who enjoy outdoor activities and have the time to dedicate to their training and socialization. They can be a great fit for families with older children and make excellent watchdogs. However, they may not be ideal for first-time dog owners due to their strong protective instincts and need for extensive socialization.


The Belgian Shepherd Laekenois, with its distinctive rough coat and courageous spirit, is indeed a remarkable breed. Although they might be a challenging breed for some, with the right guidance, they make loyal, loving, and protective companions.

This guide aims to provide potential Laekenois owners with a complete understanding of the breed. By understanding their needs, you can ensure a harmonious and rewarding human-dog relationship.