Discovering the Balkan Scenthound: A Unique Breed from Southeastern Europe


Discovering the Balkan Scenthound: A Unique Breed from Southeastern Europe

The Balkan Scenthound, also referred to as the Serbian Hound or Balkanski Gonic, is a special breed of dog that originally hails from the rugged terrains of Southeastern Europe. Known for their exceptional scent tracking abilities, these hounds are highly regarded in their native lands and are slowly gaining popularity worldwide.

Origins and History

The Balkan Scenthound is an ancient breed, its lineage traceable back to the time when hunting was the primary means of survival for humans. It is believed to have descended from scent hounds brought to the region by the Celts in the 6th century BC. These dogs were later crossbred with local breeds forming the Balkan Scenthound we know today.

The breed was first recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1996. Despite its long history, it is still relatively unknown outside of Southeastern Europe, but efforts are being made to promote this versatile scent hound to a global audience.

Physical Characteristics

Balkan Scenthounds are medium-sized dogs, usually weighing between 35-55 lbs and standing about 18-22 inches tall at the shoulder. They possess a robust and well-proportioned body, with a dense, short coat that ranges from deep red to fawn.

The breed’s head is rectangular, with a strong jaw and an alert, intelligent expression in their dark brown eyes. They have medium-sized ears that hang close to their head. The tail is set high, tapering to a point, and is usually carried in a slight curve.

Temperament and Personality

The Balkan Scenthound is known for its intelligence, bravery, and hardworking nature. They are quite tenacious when on a scent trail and are known for their persistence and determination. This makes them excellent hunting dogs, capable of tracking game over long distances and through challenging terrains.

Despite their hunting prowess, Balkan Scenthounds are also gentle, affectionate, and loyal, making them excellent family pets. They get along well with children and other dogs, although their hunting instincts may make them chase smaller pets.

Working Abilities

Balkan Scenthounds are valued for their scenting prowess and stamina. They have been used for centuries to hunt a variety of game, including hare, fox, and wild boar. These dogs are not only excellent scent trackers but are also very agile, able to traverse challenging terrains with ease.

In addition to hunting, Balkan Scenthounds have also proven useful in search and rescue operations due to their keen sense of smell. They are capable of meticulously following a scent trail over vast distances, making them an asset in locating lost individuals.

Care and Maintenance

The Balkan Scenthound is a relatively low-maintenance breed. Their short coat needs only weekly brushing to keep it clean and shiny. They are a generally healthy breed with few breed-specific health issues.

Exercise is crucial for this energetic breed. They require daily walks and play sessions to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. As scent hounds, they love to follow their noses, so providing them with scent-related activities or games can be a great way to engage them.

Training the Balkan Scenthound

Training a Balkan Scenthound can be a rewarding experience. They are intelligent dogs and quick learners. However, they also have a strong-willed and independent nature, inherited from centuries of working independently on the hunt. As a result, they respond best to positive reinforcement training techniques.


The Balkan Scenthound is a breed rich in history and character. They are talented scent hounds, exceptional working dogs, and loving pets. Their unique combination of traits makes them a wonderful choice for those looking for a loyal companion or a diligent hunting partner. As more people discover this unique breed, it is hoped that the Balkan Scenthound will gain the recognition and appreciation it deserves.