Discovering the Azawakh: Africa’s Elegant Sighthound


Discovering the Azawakh: Africa’s Elegant Sighthound

Introduction to Africa’s Elegant Sighthound

The Azawakh, also known as Africa’s Elegant Sighthound, is a rare and regal breed. Originating from the arid regions of the Sahara and Sub-Saharan Sahel in Africa, the Azawakh is renowned for its slim, elegant build and its surprising speed and endurance. This breed is a sighthound, a category of dogs characterized by their keen vision and high-speed pursuits. The Azawakh, however, is not just a hunting dog; it is a companion, a guardian, and a part of the family.

The History of the Azawakh

The Azawakh has a rich history that spans thousands of years. This breed takes its name from the Azawakh Valley in the Sahara desert, where it has been bred by the indigenous tribes of the region for centuries. The Tuareg, Fula and various other nomadic peoples have used the Azawakh not only for hunting but also for guarding their camps and livestock.

Ancient carvings and engravings found in the Sahara dating back to over 8,000 years ago depict dogs similar in appearance to the Azawakh, indicating the breed’s antiquity. However, the Azawakh was relatively unknown outside of its native region until the 20th century, when it was introduced to Europe.

Physical Characteristics of the Azawakh

The Azawakh is a tall and elegant breed, often described as having a graceful, gazelle-like appearance. They typically stand about 24 to 29 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 33 to 55 pounds. They have a slender build with a deep chest, a characteristic common among sighthounds allowing for efficient respiration during high-speed pursuits.

Their coat, which can come in a variety of colors, including fawn, brindle, blue, and black, is short and fine, providing some protection against the harsh desert climate. The Azawakh’s almond-shaped eyes, which reflect a unique range of amber and dark brown shades, are one of its most striking features.

Temperament and Behavior of the Azawakh

The Azawakh is known for its loyalty and protective nature. These dogs form strong bonds with their families and are known to be standoffish or wary of strangers, making them excellent watchdogs. However, they are not typically aggressive without reason.

Azawakhs are intelligent and independent, traits that were vital for their survival in the harsh desert environment. They are known for their remarkable speed, capable of reaching speeds up to 40mph, and their endurance, able to sustain long, steady trots for miles.

Caring for an Azawakh

Though they are hardy dogs, accustomed to surviving in a harsh desert environment, Azawakhs do require specific care. They need plenty of exercises and are happiest when they have a large, safe area to run freely. Despite their energy, they are also quite content to relax with their families and are known to be quite affectionate.

Their short coats require little grooming, but they do not provide much protection against cold weather. In colder climates, Azawakhs may require coats or sweaters, and they should not be left outside for extended periods in the cold.


The Azawakh, Africa’s Elegant Sighthound, is a remarkable breed with a rich history and unique qualities. Their grace, speed, and endurance, coupled with their loyalty and protective nature, make them truly stand out.

As with any breed, potential owners should do their research and ensure they can provide an Azawakh with the care, exercise, and love they require. For those who can, the Azawakh can prove to be a loyal companion and a fascinating link to ancient cultures and ways of life.