Basset Bleu de Gascogne: The Ultimate Breed Guide


Basset Bleu de Gascogne: The Ultimate Breed Guide


Often recognized for their expressive eyes and blue-tinged coats, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne dogs are an ancient breed hailing from the Gascony region of southwest France. This breed is valued for its keen sense of smell, second only to that of the Bloodhound. This guide will provide an in-depth look at this unique and charming breed, from its history and characteristics to its care and training needs, and why they might be the perfect addition to your family.

History of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne

This breed’s history can be traced back as far as the 14th century, where they were primarily used for hunting small game. The Basset Bleu de Gascogne’s lineage is reputed to include the Grand Bleu de Gascogne and the Saintongeois Basset, resulting in a dog that combines the tenacity of the former with the refinement of the latter.

Appearance and Size

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a medium-sized dog, typically ranging from 35 to 40 cm in height and weighing between 15 and 20 kg. They are distinguished by their prominent dark blue speckled coat with black patches and tan markings over the eyes and on the legs. Their ears are long, set low, and usually reach the end of the nose when stretched out. They also have a characteristic wrinkled forehead, which gives them an appearance of solemn dignity.

Personality and Temperament

Despite their somewhat somber appearance, Basset Bleu de Gascognes are known for their calm and even-tempered nature. They are friendly, sociable dogs that generally get along well with other animals and children. Although they are a hunting breed, they are not as highly strung as other hounds and are content to laze around the house when not engaged in outdoor activities. However, their hunting lineage does mean that they can be very determined and sometimes stubborn.

Care and Health

This breed has a typical lifespan of around 10-14 years. They are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions such as hip dysplasia, ear infections, and obesity. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can help prevent these health issues. Their short coat is easy to groom but should be checked regularly for any signs of skin irritation due to their propensity for outdoor activities.

Training and Exercise Needs

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is an intelligent breed, yet their stubborn streak can make training challenging at times. Early socialization and obedience training are essential for this breed. As for exercise, they require moderate levels. Daily walks and playtime in a secure yard are usually enough to keep them healthy and happy. Despite their hunting heritage, they are not high-energy dogs, but their keen sense of smell can lead them to wander off if not supervised.

Is the Basset Bleu de Gascogne Right for You?

If you’re looking for a friendly, sociable, and loyal breed that enjoys both outdoor adventures and indoor relaxation, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne might be a perfect fit. They do require patient training and moderate exercise, but they are generally low-maintenance dogs. However, their tendency to follow their nose means they need a secure living environment to prevent them from wandering off.


In conclusion, the Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a special breed with a rich history and unique characteristics. Their charming appearance, friendly nature, and moderate energy levels make them an excellent choice for families, hunters, or anyone who appreciates this breed’s unique capabilities and striking looks.